A Genetic Algorithm-Based Feature Selection
Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science
School of Computer and Security Science/eAgriculture Research Group
This article details the exploration and application of Genetic Algorithm (GA) for feature selection. Particularly a binary GA was used for dimensionality reduction to enhance the performance of the concerned classifiers. In this work, hundred (100) features were extracted from set of images found in the Flavia dataset (a publicly available dataset). The extracted features are Zernike Moments (ZM), Fourier Descriptors (FD), Lengendre Moments (LM), Hu 7 Moments (Hu7M), Texture Properties (TP) and Geometrical Properties (GP). The main contributions of this article are (1) detailed documentation of the GA Toolbox in MATLAB and (2) the development of a GA-based feature selector using a novel fitness function (kNN-based classification error) which enabled the GA to obtain a combinatorial set of feature giving rise to optimal accuracy. The results obtained were compared with various feature selectors from WEKA software and obtained better results in many ways than WEKA feature selectors in terms of classification accuracy.