Title

APOE and BDNF polymorphisms moderate amyloid β-related cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

Faculty

Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science

School

School of Medical Sciences

RAS ID

18819

Comments

This article was originally published as: Lim, Y., Villemagne, V., Laws, S. , Pietrzak, R., Snyder, P., Ames, D., Ellis, K., Harrington, K., Rembach, A., Martins, R. N., Rowe, C., Masters, C., & Maruff, P. (2014). APOE and BDNF polymorphisms moderate amyloid β-related cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease. Molecular Psychiatry, online first(online first), 1-7. Original article available here

Abstract

Accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) in the brain is associated with memory decline in healthy individuals as a prelude to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Genetic factors may moderate this decline. We examined the role of apolipoprotein E (ε4 carrier[ε4+], ε4 non-carrier[ε4−]) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNFVal/Val, BDNFMet) in the extent to which they moderate Aβ-related memory decline. Healthy adults (n=333, Mage=70 years) enrolled in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle study underwent Aβ neuroimaging. Neuropsychological assessments were conducted at baseline, 18-, 36- and 54-month follow-ups. Aβ positron emission tomography neuroimaging was used to classify participants as Aβ− or Aβ+. Relative to Aβ−ε4−, Aβ+ε4+ individuals showed significantly faster rates of cognitive decline over 54 months across all domains (d=0.40–1.22), while Aβ+ε4− individuals showed significantly faster decline only on verbal episodic memory (EM). There were no differences in rates of cognitive change between Aβ−ε4− and Aβ−ε4+ groups. Among Aβ+ individuals, ε4+/BDNFMet participants showed a significantly faster rate of decline on verbal and visual EM, and language over 54 months compared with ε4−/BDNFVal/Val participants (d=0.90–1.02). At least two genetic loci affect the rate of Aβ-related cognitive decline. Aβ+ε4+/BDNFMet individuals can expect to show clinically significant memory impairment after 3 years, whereas Aβ+ε4+/BDNFVal/Val individuals can expect a similar degree of impairment after 10 years. Little decline over 54 months was observed in the Aβ− and Aβ+ ε4− groups, irrespective of BDNF status. These data raise important prognostic issues in managing preclinical AD, and should be considered in designing secondary preventative clinical trials.

DOI

10.1038/mp.2014.123

Access Rights

Open Access

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