This article explores the adoption of notions and methods of literary criticism to the criticism of non-designed landscapes. As a position paper, it argues that attempts to organise and structure the vast multiplicity of landscape instances should follow the path laid by literary criticism when dealing with the multiplicity of literary works. The case is presented for the adoption of genre, as understood by contemporary literary critics, to serve as a categorisation tool for instances of non-designed landscapes. A distinction between primary and secondary, along the lines proposed by Bakhtin for speech genres, appears promising for organising the variety of landscape genres that can be envisaged. A number of separate landscape discourses may be constructed from individual or from closely related landscape genres; further progress of landscape criticism requires a common ground on which otherwise autonomous discourses could meet and clash.
Goldfarb, J. D.
On Landscape Criticism and Literary Criticism.
Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language, 5(1).
Retrieved from http://ro.ecu.edu.au/landscapes/vol5/iss1/15