Using Meta-Analysis to develop a framework to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual teams
Faculty of Business and Public Management
School of Business
Virtual teams are the combination of geographically distributed, functionally and culturally diverse structures which can improve business performance by reducing cost, shortening cycle time, increasing innovation, and facilitating leveraged learning. However, the effectiveness of virtual teams is comparatively lower than face-to-face teams. Therefore, there is a need to improve the effectiveness of virtual teams. The past literature shows "poor cumulation" of effectiveness of studying virtual teams and the factors that impact on the effectiveness of virtual teams are still ambiguous. Thus, this research aims to develop a framework to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual teams through meta-analysis. Powell's et al (2004) framework of virtual teams is used to be a prototype. Then, twelve variables and their relationships have been examined statistically and seven variables have been preserved whic.h forme the final framework. In addition, future research directions and managerial implication are explained.