Title

The development of a scale to measure empathy in 8- and 9-year old children

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

University of Newcastle

Faculty

Faculty of Computing, Health and Science

School

School of Psychology and Social Science

RAS ID

3125

Comments

Originally published as: Garton, A. F., & Gringart, E. (2005). The Development of a Scale to Measure Empathy in 8-and 9-Year Old Children. Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 5, 17-25. Original article available here

Abstract

Empathy has been suggested to facilitate effective collaborative problem solving in children. The current study adapted the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI, Davis, 1980), a well-validated empathy measure for adults, for use with children aged 8 and 9 years. Four hundred and thirteen school children aged between 7;11 and 9;11 years completed the new measure, "Feeling and Thinking" (F&T) aimed at measuring both the affective and cognitive components of empathy. Principal Components Analysis with Varimax rotation produced a clear and logical four factor solution that resembled but did not duplicate the IRI. Further scrutiny reduced the scale to a more parsimonious 12 item, two factor scale representing the two components of empathy. It is suggested that F&T is capable of measuring empathy in children. Further psychometric investigations of the F&T will enhance knowledge of the affective/cognitive distinction in empathy.

Access Rights

free_to_read

 
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