A Security Risk Management Approach for e-Commerce
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
School of Computer and Security Science
E‐commerce security is a complex issue; it is concerned with a number of security risks that can appear at either a technical level or organisational level. This paper uses a systemic framework, the viable system model (VSM) to determine the high level security risks and then uses baseline security methods to determine the lower level security risks.