Oxford University Press
Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
School of Nursing and Public Health
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes worldwide. About 85-90% of all diabetes cases are type 2, making it a significant public-health issue in the majority of developed countries (WHO 1999). There is an expanding body of evidence suggesting that type 2 diabetes is a consequence of increasing levels of obesity, decreased levels of activity, and increased food availability-a result of increased modernisation. Non-Western societies (such as hunter-gatherer societies) converting to Western lifestyles are potentially at the greatest risk of developing diabetes. Australian Indigenous people are the classic example of this.