Attitudes to multiculturalism, immigration and cultural diversity: Comparison of dominant and non-dominant groups in three Australian states
Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
School of Psychology and Social Science
This paper presents research on the attitudes to multiculturalism,immigration, and cultural diversity ofdominant andnon-dominant groupsin three Australian states.The studyutilized an adaptation of the original International Study of Attitudes toward Immigration and Settlement (ISATIS) instrument developed by John Berry and colleagues. Results from our quantitative and qualitative datademonstrated favorable attitudes toward cultural diversity and support formulticulturalismamongst the Australians in oursample, in general.Women, immigrants and non-dominant cultural groups held more positive attitudes than men, nonimmigrants and dominant groups for some dimensions. Consistent with previous Australian research, there was evidence of attitudinal ambivalence, with participants expressing concerns about the perceived negative consequences of cultural diversity. Participants also expressed negative attitudes toward particular outgroups, such as Muslims and Arabs. The results are discussed in terms of the complex nature of multiculturalism attitudes and the need to examine these in a variety of contexts.