Document Type



Edith Cowan University

Place of Publication

Perth, Western Australia


Faculty of Education


School of Education Studies


Edith Cowan University

Grant Number

320-008, 320-014, 320-036


King, L., Barry, K., Maloney, C. & Tayler, C. (1993), MAKITAB system of small group learning interaction analysis : a manual for researchers and coders. Perth, W.A.: Edith Cowan University.


The MAKITAB system of small-group learning interaction analysis has been developed over a 4 year period. When data were gathered late in 1989 on the verbal interaction of Grade 5 students participating in small-group cooperative learning, we were faced with the problem of having to develop an appropriate analysis system. An initial system was created using inductive approaches. Following further data gathering across other grade levels and subject areas, the system has undergone successive refinements. The final instrument, as presented in this manual, has reached a state of consistency that enables coding of most verbal eventualities as they occur in the small-group cooperative learning context. Furthermore, the reliability and validity of the instrument seems to have been established. The MAKAITAB instrument should facilitate useful data gathering across a broad range of small-group cooperative learning settings.