Kaye Harrold

Document Type



Edith Cowan University

Place of Publication

Perth, Western Australia


Faculty of Business


School of Management Information Systems


Harrold, K. (1997) Graduate secretaries : the politics of course titles and career choices in a university setting : results of a research project. Perth, Australia: Edith Cowan University.


Secretaries, typists, stenographers, personal assistants and word processing operators comprise approximately 10% of the female work force in Australia. Add to this the other 'categories' of receptionist and office assistant and the number increases markedly.

Yet 'secretaries' hold no status within the work force, there are fewer career paths, few job descriptions and little opportunity for recognition of the fact that industry and business could not function without their knowledge and skills.

Secretaries with tertiary qualifications have been in the Australian work force since 1972. What career opportunities were open to tertiary qualified secretaries? Did they receive the recognition and status in organisations which traditional secretaries have tried for years to achieve?

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