Edith Cowan University
Place of Publication
Perth, Western Australia
Anyone who deals with the speech of the hearing impaired is only too well aware of the wide range of speech problems that can present. Many of these problems have been thoroughly researched and documented. Toni Gold (1980), detailed the following characteristics of hearing impaired speech as revealed by the literature to that date:
(l) intelligibility problems;
(2) consonant errors relating to voicing, consonant omissions, position of consonant error in word, difficulties with consonant blends, effects of place of articulation;
(3) vowel and diphthong errors;
(4) suprasegmental errors including problems with rate, increased duration of phonemes, timing, pausing; and
(5) voice problems, including their relationship to intelligibility.
The need for such a wide range of observations presents the assessor with difficulties in describing the speech of a given hearing impaired student accurately and inclusively for the purposes of remediation...