Relationship between having a coach and masters athletes' motivational regulations for sport and achievement goal orientations
Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
School of Exercise and Health Sciences
This study aimed to examine differences in motivational regulations and achievement goal orientations between Masters athletes who do and do not have a coach. Elite Masters athletes (N = 71) were surveyed at the Canadian and USA Masters Track and Field Championships. The Sport Motivation Scale (Pelletier et al., 1995) and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (Duda & Nicholls, 1992) assessed motivational regulations and achievement goals, respectively. For motivational regulations, multiple analyses of variance revealed that there was a significant main effect for having a coach (p < .01) and for gender (p < .05), as well as a significant interaction for having a coach by gender (p < .01). Specifically, females who had a coach reported the highest levels of intrinsic motivation to accomplish and intrinsic motivation to know. Further, females who did not have a coach reported highest levels of amotivation for sport. For goal orientations, multiple analyses of variance also revealed a significant main effect for having a coach (p < .05). Specifically, Masters athletes who did not train with a coach reported higher ego orientation than those who had a coach. Findings from this study suggest the existence of a positive relationship between training with a coach and having self-determined motives among Masters athletes, especially for females, as well as on placing less importance on normative comparisons of performance.