Differences in upper body strength and power between international and national level water polo players

Document Type

Conference Proceeding


Australian Strength and Conditioning Association


Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science


School of Exercise and Health Sciences / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research




This article was originally published as: Young, K. R., Sheppard, J. M., Haff, G. G., Newton, R. , Watts, D., & Daley, S. (2013). Differences in upper body strength and power between international and national level water polo players. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 21(Supplement 1), 54-56.


The objective of this study was to determine whether a dynamic-based warm up of shorter duration and higher intensity (DSH) was more effective at preparing elite rugby league players for performance, than a warm up that included combined static and dynamic activities of longer duration and lower intensity (CLL). Elite rugby league players (n=28) completed the warm up routines in random order, separated by 7 days. Following each warm up, players completed vertical jump and 40 m sprint assessments. The DSH warm up was significantly shorter in duration (DSH: 16 ± 1 min vs CLL: 22 ± 1 min, p = 0.013) and higher in intensity (average heart rate: DSH: 122 ± 14 bpm vs CLL: 115 ± 11 bpm, p = 0.009) than the CLL warm up. The DSH warm up resulted in significantly faster 40 m sprint time (DSH: 5.26 ± 0.13 s vs CLL: 5.34 ± 0.22 s, p = 0.033) with no difference in vertical jump (DSH: 0.59 ± 0.05 m vs CLL: 0.6 ± 0.05 m), 10 m (DSH: 1.63 ± 0.05 s vs CLL: 1.67 ± 0.09s) and 20 m (DSH: 2.91 ± 0.06 vs CLL: 2.95 ± 0.12 s) sprint time. After using the DSH warm up in three pre-season trial games, players and coaches rated the DSH warm up significantly better at preparing players for performance (DSH: 7.6 ± 1.3 vs CLL: 6.0 ± 1.1, p = 0.019). In conclusion this study unveiled contrasting evidence for the use of a DSH warm up and requires further investigation.

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