Magnetic Heterostructures With Low Coercivity For High-Performance Magneto-Optic Devices

Document Type



IOP Science


Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science


School of Engineering




This article was originally published as: Kotov, V., Popkov, A., Soloviev, S., Vasiliev, M., Alameh, K., Nur-E-Alam, M., & Balabanov, D. (2013). Magnetic heterostructures with low coercivity for high-performance magneto-optic devices. Journal of Physics D : Applied Physics , 46(3), 035001.

Original article available here


In this work, we analyse the method of forming magneto-optically active heterostructures based on magnetic layers with different magnetic properties. Layers of one type possess a high effective constant of uniaxial magnetic anisotropy for which the condition is fulfilled, where Ku is the constant of uniaxial magnetic anisotropy and is the demagnetizing energy, and layers of the second type used possess in-plane or quasi-in-plane magnetization, in which the condition holds true. The layers of the first type, which we refer to as layers of positive effective uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, may have the composition Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12 and the layers of second type the composition Bi3Fe5O12, which may have very high magneto-optic (MO) figure of merit and are therefore very attractive for the development of MO transparencies and ultra-fast switches. We discuss the optimization of triple-layer structure parameters aimed at achieving a high MO figure of merit simultaneously with low coercivity and high remanent magnetization and possessing rectangular hysteresis loops. The results of the experimental study of the MO properties achieved in garnet heterostructures fabricated using RF sputtering are also described. We show that the proposed paradigm of using new magnetic material combinations demonstrating significantly improved magnetic and MO properties may be realized when working with heterostructures based on Bi-substituted ferrite garnets grown on (1 1 1)-oriented garnet substrates.