Dielectric waveguide optimization for the enhancement of TE-polarisation transmission of plasmonics-based MSM-PD
St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics.
Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science
Electron Science Research Institute
In this paper, we use the finite difference time-domain (FDTD) method to optimize the TE-polarized light transmission of a metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) employing a dielectric waveguide on top of metal nano-gratings. Simulation results demonstrate that the funneling transmission of the TE-polarized light through the nanoslit of the MSM-PD structure is highly dependent on the structure geometries, such as the waveguide and nano-grating heights. We also demonstrate that adding a dielectric waveguide layer on top of the nano-metal gratings supports both the TM- and TE polarizations, and enhances the light transmission for TE-polarization around 3-times in comparison with conventional plasmonics MSMPD structures.