Effects of resistance priming on same day jumping performance: Influence of strength level
International Journal of Sports Medicine
School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Human Performance
This study aimed to identify the effects of same day resistance priming exercise on countermovement jump parameters and subjective readiness, and to identify whether baseline strength level influenced these outcomes. Fourteen participants performed two separate conditions (Priming [2 sets high-load parallel squats with a 20% velocity loss cut-off] and Control) in a randomized, counterbalanced crossover design. Countermovement jump was assessed at pre, post and 6h while readiness was assessed at pre and at 6h only. All countermovement jump force-time metrics were similar between conditions (p>0.05), but different individual responses were noted 6h after priming. Jump height was increased for 4/14, decreased for another 4/14 and maintained for 6/14 participants at 6h. Higher perceived physical performance capability (p < 0.001) and activation balance (p = 0.005) were observed after priming only. Positive relationships were observed between strength and the percentage change in jump height (r = 0.47-0.50; p = 0.033-0.042), concentric peak velocity (r = 0.48-0.51; p = 0.030-0.041) and impulse (r = 0.47; p = 0.030-0.045) at post and 6h after priming exercise. These findings suggest that velocity-based high-load low-volume priming exercise has potential to positively impact jump performance and subjective readiness later that day in certain individuals. Participant absolute strength level may influence this response but should be confirmed in subsequent studies.