Bioactive performances of surface modification of Ti–6Al–4V jointly using ultrasonic-assisted microarc oxidation and hydrothermal treatment
Advanced Engineering Materials
School of Engineering
Jiangsu Province Six Talent Peaks Project. Grant Number: XCL-117 / Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu. Grant Number: BK20201456 / Open Foundation of Guangxi Key Laboratory of Processing for Non-ferrous Metals and Featured Materials. Grant Numbers: 2020GXYSOF01, 2021GXYSOF03
With the aim of further enhancing the bioactive performance of Ti–6Al–4V, ultrasonic-assisted microarc oxidation (MAO) and hydrothermal (HT) treatments are combined to produce denser, more uniform hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals on the MAO coating herein. More Ca elements can be deposited on the coating and more TiO2 can be generated to form a thicker coating via ultrasonic assistance. Meanwhile, the MAO coating with ultrasonic assistance avoids the appearance of heterogeneous areas and homogenizes the distribution of elements. Those positive effects of ultrasonic-assisted MAO coating provide favorable conditions for the subsequent HT treatment to form dense and uniform HA crystals. In vitro experiment shows that the ultrasonic-assisted MAO coating has a higher number of MG63 cells compared with other samples. Moreover, the formation of HA crystals improves the biological activity of all samples. In the ultrasonic-assisted sample after HT treatment, denser and more uniform HA crystals on the coating surface result in the higher alkaline phosphatase activity of the sample.