Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine






School of Medical and Health Sciences


Key Disciplinary Project of Clinical Medicine under the Guangdong High-level University Development Program, Guangdong University Innovation Team Project (Nature) (2019KCXTD003) / 2020 Li Ka Shing Foundation Cross-Disciplinary Research Grant (2020LKSFG19B) / Dengfeng Project for the construction of high-level hospitals in Guangdong Province–the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College / Science and Technology Special in Guangdong Province (Big Project + Task lists) (2021010303) / Transcriptome mechanisms of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection (STKJ2021083)


Zhou, Y., Lin, D., Wu, S., Xiao, J., Yu, M., Xiao, Z., ... & Tan, X. (2022). Dysnatremia is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality within 365 days post-discharge in patients with atrial fibrillation without heart failure: A prospective cohort study. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 9, Article 963103.


Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between serum sodium concentrations at hospital admission and all-cause mortality within 365 days post-discharge in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) without heart failure (HF). Methods: The prospective cohort study enrolled 1,446 patients with AF without HF between November 2018 and October 2020. A follow-up was performed 30, 90, 180, and 365 days after enrollment through outpatient visits or telephone interviews. All-cause mortality was estimated in three groups according to serum sodium concentrations: hyponatremia ( < 135 mmol/L), normonatremia (135 – 145 mmol/L), and hypernatremia ( > 145 mmol/L). We estimated the risk of all-cause mortalities using univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models with normonatremia as the reference. Results: The all-cause mortalities of hyponatremia, normonatremia, and hypernatremia were 20.6, 9.4, and 33.3 % within 365 days post-discharge, respectively. In the univariable analysis, hyponatremia (HR: 2.19, CI 1.5 – 3.2) and hypernatremia (HR: 4.03, CI 2.32 – 7.02) increased the risk of all-cause mortality. The HRs for hyponatremia and hypernatremia were 1.55 (CI 1.05 – 2.28) and 2.55 (CI 1.45 – 4.46) after adjustment for age, diabetes mellitus, loop diuretics, antisterone, antiplatelet drugs, and anticoagulants in the patients with AF without HF. The association between serum sodium concentrations and the HRs of all-cause mortality was U-shaped. Conclusion: Dysnatremia at hospital admission was an independent factor for all-cause mortality in patients with AF without HF within 365 days post-discharge.



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