Balanced strength-ductility combination and good recoverable strain of Ni50.7Ti49.3 alloy fabricated by high scanning velocity in selective laser melting
School of Engineering
Key-Area Research and Development Program of Guangdong Province (No. 2020B090923001)
Key Basic and Applied Research Program of Guangdong Province (No. 2019B030302010)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U19A2085)
Special Project in Key-Area of the Universities in Guangdong Province (No. 2020ZDZX2072)
Optimizing of process parameters such as high laser power combined with high scanning velocity during selective laser melting (SLM) caters to the demand of high efficiency and high precision fabrication of NiTi alloys. However, the exploration in such process window is inexhaustive yet. In this work, SLM parameters of high laser power combined with high scanning velocity (180 W and 800 – 1400 mm/s) are adopted to manufacture defect-free Ni50.7Ti49.3 alloy and the microstructure, martensitic transformation, mechanical and functional properties are studied systematically. The microstructure of SLM samples is composed of alternate coarse and fine columnar grains in different regions of molten pool. Unique square grain structure is formed in the top surface. Consequently, the prepared Ni50.7Ti49.3 samples exhibit balanced strength-ductility combination with tensile strength of 804.6 – 870.0 MPa and ductility of 6.4 – 8.1 %. Good recoverable strain of 3.4 % – 4.7 % and recovery ratio of 83.1 % – 88.9 % is achieved. Basically, the change in the recoverable strain for the prepared samples at different scanning velocities are discussed based on thermodynamics analysis. The findings in this work provide some insights into design and preparation of high-performance NiTi alloys by SLM.