Use of polyethylene terephthalate fibres for mitigating the liquefaction-induced failures
Geotextiles and Geomembranes
School of Engineering
Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, New Delhi
The presence of non-biodegradable plastic waste is a serious concern for the health of endangered species. The present study is based on the sustainable utilisation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibres obtained from waste plastic bottles to enhance the liquefaction resistance of fine sand. After performing a series of stress-controlled cyclic triaxial tests, the cyclic behaviour of PET-fibre reinforced sand has been investigated. The application of PET fibres was found to be more satisfactory in medium dense sand than that in loose sand as observed by residual excess pore water curves. In medium dense sand with 0.6% PET-fibres, the number of cycles to reach liquefaction was about 4 times that of the unreinforced sand. Using the dynamic shear modulus (G), the degradation index was calculated for both reinforced and unreinforced soils to assess stiffness characteristics. After nearly 50 loading cycles, the value of G/Gmax increased 2.55 times with the addition of 0.4% PET fibres in unreinforced sand. Based on the results obtained, a regression model has been developed for the calculation of number of liquefaction failure cycles (Ncyc,L) in correlation with several parameters, namely, relative density (Dr), fibre content (FC) and σd/σc′ (σd = deviator stress, σc′ = effective confining stress).