Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
School of Engineering
Masonry construction is popular around the world, but the use of mortared masonry presents numerous challenges. In recent decades, masonry construction systems incorporating interlocking masonry units have been proposed to eliminate mortar. The interlocking between masonry units can be achieved using specially shaped units. This paper presents a comprehensive experimental study to determine the behaviour as well as basic material properties of one such semi-interlocking mortarless masonry. The experiments included testings of ungrouted masonry units, prisms, and wallets. In addition, masonry prisms and wallets with grouted cores were also investigated to study the effect of grouting. A detailed description of the construction procedure is explained. The failure mechanisms, maximum strengths, force–displacement relationships, and modulus of elasticity of the samples are obtained and contrasted with the relevant results from the literature. Finally, recommendations are made that may assist material model development required for micro- and macro-modelling of mortarless masonry. The new information generated in this research will enable better understanding of the behaviour and properties of semi-interlocking mortarless masonry and will be useful for validating numerical models in future research.
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