Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

IEEE Access




School of Science




United International University

Grant Number



Al Amin, S., Mukta, M. S. H., Saikat, M. S. M., Hossain, M. I., Islam, M. A., Ahmed, M., & Azam, S. (2022). Data driven classification of opioid patients using machine learning - An investigation. IEEE Access, 11, 396-409.


The opioid crisis has led to an increased number of drug overdoses in recent years. Several approaches have been established to predict opioid prescription by health practitioners. However, due to the complex nature of the problem, the accuracy of such methods is not yet satisfactory. Dependable and reliable classification of opioid dependent patients from well-grounded data sources is essential. Majority of the previous studies do not focus on the users’ mental health association for opioid intake classification. These studies do not also employ the latest deep learning based techniques such as attention and knowledge distillation mechanism to find better insights. This paper investigates the opioid classification problem by using machine learning and deep learning based techniques. We used structured and unstructured data from the MIMIC-III database to identify intentional and unintentional intake of opioid drugs. We selected 455 patient instances and used traditional machine learning and deep learning to predict intentional and accidental users. We obtained 95 % and 64 % test accuracy to predict the intentional and accidental users from the structured and unstructured datasets, respectively. We also achieve a distilled knowledge based test accuracy of 76.44 % from the integrated above two models. Our research includes an ablation analysis and new insights related to opioid patients are extracted.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.