E3S Web of Conferences
School of Engineering
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) / Edith Cowan University
In-situ nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) core flooding system has enabled researchers to monitor several rock properties such as porosity, pore size distribution, and fluid saturation along the tested samples with high resolutions and under reservoir conditions. However, spatially resolved rock strength/mechanical property alteration coupled to fluid migration/substitution remains poorly characterized. To this end, Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) multiplex sensors were integrated with NMR core flooding system to monitor rock strength changes, or generally speaking, to observe hydro-mechanical-chemical coupling mechanisms during core flooding tests. In this study, we present a novel approach on how to conduct core flooding experiments, while simultaneously monitoring NMR and FBG strain response of the tested limestone plug. The NMR cell was modified to integrate FBG technology without impeding the NMR signal and core flooding high pressure/temperature capacity. A high spatial resolution optical fiber was attached onto the sample radial surface. The results show the successful association of NMR and FBG sensors to track any change at each stage of brine injection. The FBG is capable of measuring the rock strain variations induced by rock-fluid interactions during brine injection, allowing it to capture the fluid front location along with the sample and at a faster rate than the NMR.
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