Editorial for special issue of field-assisted materials processing: Recent innovations and microstructural evolution
Advanced Engineering Materials
School of Engineering
Materials processing, an important branch of materials science and engineering, converts raw materials into practical materials and their products for technological applications. These processing methods are developed to satisfy the service needs based on sound scientific theory. Different processing conditions confer practical materials with controllable microstructures and thus specific mechanical and functional properties. Therefore, developing novel processing methods and exploring the interaction between microstructure and properties under different processing conditions have received much attention in the scientific community, especially in recent years. With the rapid progress of modern science and technology, novel materials processing technologies involve the coupling of multi-physics field, including temperature, stress, electric field, magnetic field, gravity, ultrasonic field, microwave field, etc. The multi-physics field can give rise to some unique thermodynamic and kinetic behaviors during materials processing and thus lead to novel microstructures, such as refined grains, bimodal/multi-modal microstructure, heterogeneous microstructure, etc. Thus, the field-assisted materials processing technology is considered a revolutionary method to fabricate competitive high-performance practical materials.