Document Type

Journal Article

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International Journal of Mental Health Nursing





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School of Nursing and Midwifery




Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship


Hamilton, J., Cole, A., Bostwick, R., & Ngune, I. (2023). Getting a grip on Safewards: The cross impact of clinical supervision and Safewards model on clinical practice. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 32(3), 801-818.


The Safewards model is used across various mental health settings to reduce incidents of conflict and containment and its efficacy in reducing the use of seclusion and restraint, improving patients' experiences of care, and enhancing safety within clinical settings is well documented (Bowers, Journal of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, 21, 2014, 499). However, there are barriers to successful implementation, including level of staff buy-in (Baumgardt et al., Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 2019, 340; Price et al., Mental Health Practice, 19, 2016, 14). This mixed-method study assessed the impact of adopting a Safewards model within a clinical supervision framework in an approach, named Group Reflective integrated Practice with Safewards (GRiP-S), which integrates Safewards theory within the clinical supervision framework. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected using the questions derived from the Manchester Clinical Supervision Scale −26© (Winstanley & White, The Wiley International Handbook of Clinical Supervision. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2014). A total of 67 surveys and eight interviews were completed by nursing staff. Overall, the results showed that the GRiP-S approach improves the implementation of Safewards and nurses' clinical practice. Nursing staff satisfaction with clinical supervision and Safewards improved post GRiP-S pre-GRIP-S- 69.54 (SD 16.059); post-GRIP-S 71.47 (SD 13.978). The survey also identified nursing staff's perception of GRiP-S in the restorative and formative domains of clinical supervision improved. The restorative mean score pre-GRiP-S was 28.43 (SD 5.988) and post-GRiP-S 29.29 (SD 3.951). The formative mean score pre-GRiP-S was 20.10 (SD 5.617) and post-GRiP-S 20.63 (SD 13.978). The qualitative results further explained the satisfaction levels and the changes seen in perception domains. The GRiP-S approach reported (i) improved therapeutic relationships and patient centred care, (ii) improved staff communication and teamwork, (iii) barriers to GRiP-S engagement, and (iv) assistance with the change process. The results indicate that the GRiP-S approach had a positive impact on Safewards delivery and supports ongoing change of practice.



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