Thinking Skills and Creativity
School of Education
Drawing on the Four C Model of Creativity and Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT) as frameworks, the multi-site qualitative case study explored the creative practice of 16 Ghanaian secondary visual arts teachers in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis, as the 2019 National Pre-Tertiary Curriculum Framework mandates creativity. The researchers used the interpretivist and constructivist paradigms for the study, which employed interviews, documents review and participant observations to gather data from eight secondary schools. The data were analysed using thematic analysis, with two categories of teachers emerging: teacher-practitioners and non-teacher-practitioners. The practising teachers were categorised under little-c and Pro-c—none fell within the Big-C category. Practising teachers were seen to be more successful in enacting creativity in their teaching practice, meeting the aims of the curriculum framework. We recommend that education providers and stakeholders should encourage the artistic practice of visual arts teachers and make it an integral part of professional practice.
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Available for download on Tuesday, September 30, 2025