Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

ACS Omega




Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources / School of Engineering




The Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Marvdasht Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran / Fars EOR Tech


Norouzpour, M., Azdarpour, A., Santos, R. M., Esfandiarian, A., Nabipour, M., Mohammadian, E., . . . Keshavarz, A. (2023). Comparative static and dynamic analyses of solvents for removal of asphaltene and wax deposits above- and below-surface at an Iranian carbonate oil field. ACS Omega, 8(28), 25525-25537.


During production from oil wells, the deposition of asphaltene and wax at surface facilities and porous media is one of the major operational challenges. The crude oil production rate is significantly reduced due to asphaltene deposition inside the reservoir. In addition, the deposition of these solids inside the surface facilities is costly to oil companies. In this study, the efficiency of different solvents in dissolving asphaltene and wax was investigated through static and dynamic tests. The analysis of solid deposits from the surface choke of one of the Iranian carbonate oil fields showed that they consisted of 41.3 wt % asphaltene, and the balance was predominantly wax. In addition, the asphaltenes obtained from the surface choke solid deposits had a more complex structure than that of asphaltenes extracted from the crude oil itself. The static tests showed that xylene, toluene, gasoline, kerosene, and gas condensate had the highest efficiencies in dissolving solid deposits; conversely, diesel had a negative impact on dissolving solid deposits. Static tests on pure asphaltene showed that, among the tested solvents, gas condensate and diesel had a negative effect on the solubility of asphaltene. The dynamic core flooding results showed that asphaltene deposition inside the cores reduced the permeability by 79-91%. Among the tested solvents, xylene, gasoline, and kerosene resulted in the highest efficacy in restoring the damaged permeability, and higher efficiency was obtained with an equivalent solvent injection rate of 1 bbl/min versus 3 bbl/min.



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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.