Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

BMC Medical Education





PubMed ID



Springer / BMC


Centre for Research in Aged Care / School of Nursing and Midwifery




Steinwandel, U., Coventry, L. L., & Kheirkhah, H. (2023). Evaluation of a point-of-care ultrasound (pocus) workshop for peripheral intravenous cannulation. BMC Medical Education, 23, article 451.


Background: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is increasingly used as a non-invasive vascular access assessment method by clinicians from multiple disciplines worldwide, prior and during vascular access cannulations. While POCUS is a relatively new method to establish a vascular access in patients with complex vascular conditions, it is also essential to train and educate individuals who are novices in the techniques of cannulation so that they become proficient in performing this task subsequently on patients safely and successfully. A simulated environment may be a helpful tool to help healthcare providers establish skills in using POCUS safely and may also help them to successfully establish vascular access in patients. With this project, we sought to determine if participants of a simulated POCUS workshop for vascular access can use this technique successfully in their individual clinical environment after their attendance of a half-day workshop. Methods: A mixed-methods longitudinal study design was chosen to evaluate a point-of-care ultrasound workshop for peripheral intravenous cannula insertion. The workshops used simulation models for cannulation in combination with multiple ultrasound devices from various manufacturers to expose participants to a broader variety of POCUS devices as they may also vary in different clinical areas. Participants self-assessed their cannulation skills using questionnaires on a 10-point rating scale prior to and directly after the workshop. Results: A total of 85 Individuals participated in eleven half-day workshops through 2021 and 2022. Workshop participants claimed that attending the workshop had significantly enhanced their clinical skill of using ultrasound for the purpose of cannulating a venous vessel. The level of confidence in using this technique had increased in all participants directly after conclusion of the workshop. Conclusions: Globally, clinicians are increasingly using POCUS to establish vascular access in patients, and it is necessary that they receive sufficient and adequately structured and formal training to successfully apply this technique in their clinical practice. Offering a workshop which uses simulation models in combination with various POCUS devices to demonstrate this technique in a hands-on approach has proven to be useful to establish this newly learned skill in clinicians.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.