Title

Pro-environmental behaviours in protected areas: A systematic literature review and future research directions

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Tourism Management Perspectives

Volume

41

Publisher

Elsevier

School

School of Business and Law

RAS ID

43316

Comments

Esfandiar, K., Pearce, J., Dowling, R., & Goh, E. (2022). Pro-environmental behaviours in protected areas: A systematic literature review and future research directions. Tourism Management Perspectives, 41, 100943.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2022.100943

Abstract

Understanding pro-environmental behaviours (PEBs) in protected areas has attracted considerable research attention. This perennial issue is pertinent in reducing negative compounded impacts and/or increasing positive impacts in protected areas. This study aims to provide a review of the literature to unpack the existing publications of PEBs in protected areas and to scope future research avenues. A total of 88 empirical research journal articles were collected through Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Results showed 43.18% of the articles analysed considered PEBs as a general group of behaviours while the remaining 56.82% were specific domains of PEBs including littering, staying on-trail, and car use. The majority of the literature adopted cross-sectional quantitative survey methodology, making limited use of longitudinal, experimental and qualitative research approaches, which may have limitations for future research. The review suggests modelling and predicting PEBs needs to be focused on a specific behaviour of a specific (target) audience in a specific context (time and place). There are avenues for potential future PEBs research; however, its specific domains, theoretical advancement, measurability and cultural influences, require significant rethinking for future research.

DOI

10.1016/j.tmp.2022.100943

Access Rights

free_to_read

Research Themes

Natural and Built Environments

Priority Areas

Human-environment interaction

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