The role of energy storage technologies for sustainability in developing countries
Renewable Energy and Sustainability: Prospects in the Developing Economies
School of Science
The quality of life has been improving in developing countries due to the availability of a broad range of energy sources. However, for a sustainable future, energy should be derived from renewable sources, and this is essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change. To achieve sustainability, developing countries need to adopt sustainable energy storage technologies, whereby energy from renewable sources can be stored and later converted to electrical energy. Typically, energy storage systems have different storage efficiencies and uncertainties, reliant on types of storage technology, source of energy, and demand of energy. A rapid decrease in the cost of electrochemical batteries and renewable energy generation has enabled energy storage systems to be increasingly competitive with conventional fossil fuel-based alternatives. However, the available energy storage systems may not be appropriate for specific applications due to the lack of technology's emergence in developing countries. With this in view, universal deployability of specific energy storage in developing countries could be a possible game-changer for achieving widespread electricity access and sustainability, especially for remote communities. Hence, this chapter intends to address this particular challenge by presenting a broad and clear picture of the state-of-the-art of energy storage technologies available in developing countries, wherein they would be most suited for the adopted sustainable energy sources. Following this, a comprehensive comparative analysis and the potential markets in developing countries for energy storage purposes are described.