In vivo evaluation of bone regeneration using ZIF8-modified polypropylene membrane in rat calvarium defects
Journal of Clinical Periodontology
School of Engineering
Aim: The profound potential of zeolitic imidazolate framework 8 (ZIF8) thin film for inducing osteogenesis has been previously established under in vitro conditions. As the next step towards the clinical application of ZIF8-modified substrates in periodontology, this in vivo study aimed to evaluate the ability of the ZIF8 crystalline layer to induce bone regeneration in an animal model defect. Materials and Methods: Following the mechanical characterization of the membranes and analysing the in vitro degradation of the ZIF8 layer, in vivo bone regeneration was evaluated in a critical-sized (5-mm) rat calvarial bone defect model. For each animal, one defect was randomly covered with either a polypropylene (PP) or a ZIF8-modified membrane (n = 7 per group), while the other defect was left untreated as a control. Eight weeks post surgery, bone formation was assessed by microcomputed tomography scanning, haematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical analysis. Results: The ZIF8-modified membrane outperformed the PP membrane in terms of mechanical properties and revealed a trace Zn+2 release. Results of in vivo evaluation verified the superior barrier function of the ZIF8-coated membrane compared with pristine PP membrane. Compared with the limited marginal bone formation in the control and PP groups, the defect area was almost filled with mature bone in the ZIF8-coated membrane group. Conclusions: Our results support the effectiveness of the ZIF8-coated membrane as a promising material for improving clinical outcomes of guided bone regeneration procedures, without using biological components. © 2023 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.