Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

ACS Omega




Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources / School of Engineering




Key R&D Program of Heilongjiang Province / Northeast Petroleum University


Manshad, A. K., Kabipour, A., Mohammadian, E., Yan, L., Ali, J. A., Iglauer, S., . . . Moradi, S. (2023). Application of a novel green nano polymer for chemical EOR purposes in sandstone reservoirs: Synergetic effects of different fluid/fluid and rock/fluid interacting mechanisms. ACS Omega, 8(46), 43930-43954.


In this research, a novel natural-based polymer, the Aloe Vera biopolymer, is used to improve the mobility of the injected water. Unlike most synthetic chemical polymers used for chemical-enhanced oil recovery, the Aloe Vera biopolymer is environmentally friendly, thermally stable in reservoir conditions, and compatible with reservoir rock and fluids. In addition, the efficiency of the Aloe Vera biopolymer was investigated in the presence of a new synthetic nanocomposite composed of KCl-SiO2-xanthan. This chemically enhanced oil recovery method was applied on a sandstone reservoir in Southwest Iran with crude oil with an API gravity of 22°. The Aloe Vera biopolymer’s physicochemical characteristics were initially examined using different analytical instruments. The results showed that the Aloe Vera biopolymer is thermally stable under reservoir conditions. In addition, no precipitation occurred with the formation brine at the salinity of 80,000 ppm. The experimental results showed that adding ethanol with a 10% volume percentage reduced interfacial tension to 15.3 mN/m and contact angle to 108°, which was 52.33 and 55.56% of these values, respectively. On the other hand, adding nanocomposite lowered interfacial tension and contact angle values to 4 mN/m and 48°, corresponding to reducing these values by 87.53 and 71.42%, respectively. The rheology results showed that the solutions prepared by Aloe Vera biopolymer, ethanol, and nanocomposite were Newtonian and fitted to the Herschel-Bulkley model. Finally, core flooding results showed that the application of a solution prepared by Aloe Vera biopolymer, ethanol, and nanocomposite was effective in increasing the oil recovery factor, where the maximum oil recovery factor of 73.35% was achieved, which could be attributed to the IFT reduction, wettability alteration, and mobility improvement mechanisms.



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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.