Title

Binder free 3D core–shell NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets (NSs) supported on Cu foam as a highly efficient non-enzymatic glucose sensor

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science

Volume

615

First Page

865

Last Page

875

Publisher

Elsevier

School

School of Engineering

Funders

Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan,

Edith Cowan University (ECU), Australia,

Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation & Analysis (CMCA), The University of Western Australia.

Comments

Rafique, N., Asif, A. H., Hirani, R. A. K., Wu, H., Shi, L., Zhang, S., & Sun, H. (2022). Binder free 3D core-shell NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets (NSs) supported on Cu Foam as a highly efficient non-enzymatic glucose sensor. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2022.02.037

Abstract

Rational design with fine-tuning of the electrocatalyst material is vital for achieving the desired sensitivity, selectivity, and stability for an electrochemical sensor. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical core–shell catalyst was employed as a self-standing, binder-free electrode for non-enzymatic glucose sensing. The catalyst was prepared by decorating the shell of NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets (NSs) on the core of Cu nanowires (NWs) grown on a Cu foam support. The optimized 3D core–shell Cu@NiFe LDH sensor demonstrated higher sensitivity (7.88 mA mM-1cm−2), lower limit of detection (0.10 µM) and wider linear range (1 µM to 0.9 mM) in glucose sensing with a low working potential (0.4 V). The applied sensor also showed excellent stability, reproducibility, interference ability as well as practicability in real environment. The detection of real samples further suggests its great feasibility for practical applications. The superior electrocatalytic performance is collectively ascribed to the excellent electro-conductivity of the Cu substrate, the distinct self-standing 3D porous nanostructure, the ultrathin homogenous architecture, and the appropriate loading amount of NiFe LDH NSs. This study then provides a non-enzymatic glucose sensor with 3D Cu@NiFe LDH electrode for ultrahigh sensitivity and stability.

DOI

10.1016/j.jcis.2022.02.037

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