Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Gas Science and Engineering






School of Engineering / Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources




Alhammad, F., Ali, M., Yekeen, N. P., Ali, M., Hoteit, H., Iglauer, S., & Keshavarz, A. (2024). The effect of methylene blue on stearic acid-aged quartz/CO2/brine wettability: Implications for CO2 geo-storage. Gas Science and Engineering, 125, article 205316.


Carbon dioxide sequestration in geological formations has been proposed as a promising solution to reach net zero carbon emissions but the success of underground CO2 storage in sandstone formations depends on the brine/CO2 wettability of sandstone. Research evidence showed that natural geological formation is hydrophobic even in the presence of minute concentration of inherent organic acids. This study investigates the effect of methylene blue (MB) on CO2 wettability of organic-acid contaminated quartz through the tilted plate contact angle measurement method. Pure quartz substrates were aged in a stearic acid/n-decane solution for one week and subsequently modified with different concentrations of MB (ranging from 10 to 100 mg/L) at a temperature of 60 °C. Advancing ( a) and receding ( r) contact angles were measured under varying conditions of temperature (25 °C and 50 °C), pressure (ranging from 10 to 20 MPa), and salinity (0–0.3 M). The experimental results indicate that pure quartz, when aged in a stearic acid solution, becomes CO2-wet at all temperature, pressure, and salinity conditions. However, at any physio-thermal condition, the wettability of the quartz surfaces was reversed when treated with different concentrations of MB, transitioning to a water-wet state. The findings of this research demonstrate the potential of MB to modify the wetting behaviour of quartz surfaces and enhance CO2 residual trapping in sandstone formations.



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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.