Changing scenario of municipal solid waste management in Kanpur city, India
Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
School of Engineering
Generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) depends upon lifestyle, urbanization and income level of population. Solid waste management is one of the essential parameters for the sustainable development of any city. Kanpur is one of the Indian cities with a population greater than 4 million having critical environmental and socio-economic issues of municipal solid waste management. Earlier some of the researchers highlighted the prevailing flaws and loopholes of the system, leading to poor controlled practices in the city till 2008. They also urged some remediates to the policymakers to fortify the system. In the present scenario, a daily waste generation amounts to be 1500 metric tonnes per day. This solid waste collection and transportation to the dumping site costs nearly 0.21 billion Rupees in a year. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to review the quality, physical and chemical composition, and policy of government authorities to manage the MSW year-wise year. The effect of open dumping of MSW on and nearby ground and surface water bodies in the study area is also highlighted. A comparative study between open dumping and engineered landfills is also made mainly with a focus on their suitability. The average net calorific value of the municipal solid is estimated as 2288 kcal/Kg which is significant to convert Waste to Energy (WtE). This work concludes with the possibilities of changing greenhouse gases to landfill gasses and their collection mechanism, electrical energy generation as per the composition and type of waste collected at the waste management plant. The suggestive measures equipped in this paper may lend a hand to the decision-makers/ municipal authorities to get an effective and environment-friendly MSW management system.