Cyclic behaviour of stratified soil under liquefied states

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Marine Georesources and Geotechnology


Taylor & Francis


School of Engineering




Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, New Delhi (grant no. MHR 002)


Jain, A., Mittal, S., & Shukla, S. K. (2023). Cyclic behaviour of stratified soil under liquefied states. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 41(7), 721-742


A substantial amount of work on the cyclic behaviour of cohesionless soil has been performed after neglecting the reality of stratification existing nearby marine structures or alluvial plains. This complicated mechanism of stratified soil failure on earthquake-induced soil liquefaction is affected significantly by the presence of a less permeable soil layer. Several past studies investigated that under the action of dynamic loads, the presence of a silt layer in homogeneous sandy soil crucially modifies the pore pressure dissipation characteristics, axial strain rate and stress–strain behaviour of the whole stratified specimen. In the present study, cyclic behaviour of sand specimen interlayered with silt layer has been presented in respect of its pre-and post-liquefaction behaviour. Undrained stress-controlled cyclic triaxial tests have been performed on homogeneous sand specimens and on specimens interlayered with a silt layer, placed at H/4, H/2 and 3H/4 (where H is the height of the specimen from the top) to signify the role of placement depth. The instability and failure of such specimens have been compared using the failure line and phase transformation line. Few key observations suggested that the number of liquefaction failure cycles enhanced two times and secant modulus (under post liquefied state) improved by 4.8 times when the placement depth of the silt layer increased from H/4 to 3H/4 under similar loading conditions. Additionally, the role of initial static shear stress has been investigated at three different confining pressures in a few stratified specimens. It has been observed that failure of the stratified specimen is due to the obstruction of pore water movement caused by the presence of the silt layer. A comparison of the present work has been made with significant studies using liquefaction resistant curves to ensure the efficacy of this study.



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