Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science
School of Engineering
Edith Cowan University
Recent research has demonstrated the effectiveness of utilizing neural networks for detect tampering in images. However, because accessing a database is complex, which is needed in the classification process to detect tampering, reference-free steganalysis attracted attention. In recent work, an approach for least significant bit (LSB) steganalysis has been presented based on analyzing the derivatives of the histogram correlation. In this paper, we further examine this strategy for other steganographic methods. Detecting image tampering in the spatial domain, such as image steganography. It is found that the above approach could be applied successfully to other kinds of steganography with different orders of histogram-correlation derivatives. Also, the limits of the ratio stego-image to cover are considered, where very small ratios can escape this detection method unless modified.
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