Title

Creatinine to cystatin C ratio, a biomarker of sarcopenia measures and falls risk in community-dwelling older women

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences

Volume

77

Issue

7

First Page

1389

Last Page

1397

PubMed ID

34907424

Publisher

Oxford Academic

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences / Institute for Nutrition Research

RAS ID

40510

Funders

National Health and Medical Research Council - grants: 254627, 303169, 572604 / NHMRC of Australia Emerging Leader (Level 2) Fellowship (ID: GNT1174886) / NHMRC of Australia Senior Research Fellowship (ID: 1116973) / National Heart Foundation of Australia Future Leader Fellowship (ID: 102817) / Healthway, Western Australian Health Promotion Foundation / Royal Perth Hospital Career Advancement Fellowship (ID: CAF 130/2020)

Grant Number

NHMRC Numbers : 254627, 303169, 572604, GNT1174886, 1116973

Grant Link

http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1116973 http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/25462 http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/303169 http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/572604

Comments

Sim, M., Dalla Via, J., Scott, D., Lim, W. H., Hodgson, J. M., Zhu, K., ... & Lewis, J. R. (2022). Creatinine to cystatin C ratio, a biomarker of sarcopenia measures and falls risk in community-dwelling older women. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 77(7), 1389-1397. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glab369

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The ratio of creatinine to cystatin C (Cr:Cyc) has been proposed as a biomarker of sarcopenia, as greater Cr:Cyc is typically associated with greater muscle mass. We examined the relationship between Cr:Cyc with individual sarcopenia measures, 5-year self-reported falls, and 12-year fall-related hospitalizations in a prospective cohort study of 1 118 community-dwelling older women (mean age 75.2 ± 2.7 years). METHODS: Serum Cr:Cyc, hand grip strength, and timed-up-and-go performance were assessed at baseline (1998), while dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived appendicular lean mass (ALM)/height2 (m) was obtained in a subset of women at baseline and 1 year (n = 334). Incident 5-year self-reported falls and 12-year falls-related hospitalizations were considered. RESULTS: In a multivariable-adjusted model, women with the lowest Cr:Cyc (Quartile [Q] 1) had 5% (1.0 kg) weaker grip strength, as well as 3.7% (0.22 kg/m2) and 5.5% (0.031) lower ALM adjusted for height2 or body mass index, respectively, compared to women in Q4 (all p < .05). 329 women reported an incident fall over 5 years, and 326 fall-related hospitalizations were recorded over 12 years. Women in Q1 of Cr:Cyc had a greater relative hazard for a fall over 5 years (hazard ratio [HR] 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-2.01) and fall-related hospitalization over 12 years (HR 1.53; 95% CI 1.13-2.07) compared to Q4 in the multivariable-adjusted model. CONCLUSION: These findings support further investigation into the use of Cr:Cyc as a muscle biomarker to help clinicians identify individuals at risk of falls for early inclusion into evidence-based primary prevention programs targeting improvements to diet and exercise.

DOI

10.1093/gerona/glab369

Access Rights

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Research Themes

Health

Priority Areas

Exercise, nutrition, lifestyle and other interventions for optimal health across the lifespan

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