IEEE Sensors Journal
School of Engineering
The rise in demand for underwater wireless communication networks (UWCN) has been driven by the emergence of new applications including unmanned underwater vehicles, deep-sea exploration, maritime and underwater archaeology research, and diver communications. For various applications, underwater network lifetime must be long, since unlike terrestrial sensor networks, it is a major job to change/recharge node batteries in underwater environments. In this paper, we introduce a solution where critical nodes in a UWCN are periodically recharged by small renewable energy sources. Further, a caching mechanism is introduced to relieve critical nodes of heavy workload when their residual energies run low. By leveraging these two techniques of energy replenishment and content-caching, the network lifetime extension challenge is formulated as an optimization problem. The results indicate that our proposed solution offers up to 45% longer UWCN lifetime compared to existing solutions.
Available for download on Thursday, August 01, 2024