Author Identifier

Daniel Galvão

ORCID : 0000-0002-8209-2281

Robert U Newton

ORCID : 0000-0003-0302-6129

Dennis Taaffe

ORCID : 0000-0001-6381-1597

Elin Gray

ORCID : 0000-0002-8613-3570

Favil Singh

ORCID : 0000-0002-4876-2990

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Integrative Cancer Therapies

Publisher

SAGE

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences / Graduate Research / Exercise Medicine Research Institute / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research / Centre for Precision Health

RAS ID

36881

Funders

Edith Cowan University - Open Access Support Scheme 2021

Cancer Council WA, Paul Katris Honours and Masters Scholarship, National Health and Medical Research Council

Grant Number

NHMRC Number : 1190643

Comments

Crosby, B. J., Lopez, P., Galvão, D. A., Newton, R. U., Taaffe, D. R., Meniawy, T. M., . . . Singh, F. (2021). Associations of physical activity and exercise with health-related outcomes in patients with melanoma during and after treatment: A systematic review. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 20, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/15347354211040757

Abstract

Purpose:

Although exercise medicine is recommended to counter treatment-related side-effects and improve health-related outcomes of patients affected by different cancers, no specific recommendations exist for patients with melanoma. As a result, we systematically examined the current evidence regarding the effects of physical activity and exercise on objectively-measured and patient-reported outcomes among patients with melanoma.

Methods:

Searches were conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science databases. This review included published data involving physical activity or exercise and objectively-measured or patient-reported outcomes of patients with cutaneous melanoma. The quality of included studies was assessed using the McMaster University Critical Appraisal Tool for Quantitative Studies.

Results:

Six studies including 882 patients with melanoma were included. Studies presented heterogeneity of design with 2 cross-sectional surveys, 2 retrospective analyses, and 2 non-randomized intervention trials. No statistically significant change in quality of life, fatigue, physical function, cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, psychological distress, cognitive function, or treatment-related side-effects were attributable to physical activity or exercise. Importantly, physical activity or exercise during melanoma treatment or into survivorship did not adversely impact patients/survivors.

Conclusion:

In summary, physical activity or exercise did not adversely impact quality of life, objectively-measured or patient-reported outcomes in patients with melanoma. In addition, there is a paucity of quality studies examining the effects of physical activity or exercise on patients with melanoma throughout the cancer care continuum.

DOI

10.1177/15347354211040757

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

Share

 
COinS