Author Identifier

Marc Sim

ORCID : 0000-0001-5166-0605

Robert U Newton

ORCID : 0000-0003-0302-6129

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Physical Therapy in Sport




School of Medical and Health Sciences / Institute for Nutrition Research / Exercise Medicine Research Institute / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research / Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP)




Edith Cowan University - Open Access Support Scheme 2021

Royal Perth Hospital Research Foundation Career Advancement Fellowship


McCaskie, C. J., Sim, M., Newton, R. U., & Hart, N. H. (2021). Lower-limb injury in elite Australian football: A narrative review of kinanthropometric and physical risk factors. Physical Therapy in Sport, 52, 69-80.



This review aims to provide a succinct and critical analysis of the current physical and mechanical demands of elite Australian football while examining lower-limb injury and the associated physical and kinanthropometric risk factors.


MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science and SPORTSDiscus electronic databases were searched for studies that investigated the playing demands, injury trends, and physical and kinanthropometric injury risk factors of elite Australian football. Articles from similar team sports including soccer and rugby (union and league) were also included.


While the physical demands of elite AF have steadied over the past decade, injury rates continue to rise with more than two-thirds of all injuries affecting the lower-limbs. Body composition and musculoskeletal morphological assessments are regularly adopted in many sporting settings with current research suggesting high and low body mass are both associated with heightened injury risk. However, more extensive investigations are required to determine whether the proportions of muscle and fat are linked. Repeated assessment of musculoskeletal morphology may also provide further insight into stress fracture rates.


While kinanthropometric and physical attributes are highly valued within elite sporting environments, establishing a deeper connection with injury may provide practitioners with more insight into current injury trends.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.