A comparison between the effect of combined chain exercises plus Kinesio taping with combined chain exercises alone in knee osteoarthritis: A randomized clinical trial
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of Kinesio taping (KT) as an adjunct to combined chain exercises (CCEs) compared to CCEs alone in the management of individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods A total of 60 (27 males; 33 females) individuals (age range of 50-71 years and mean age of 54.26±8.83) diagnosed as having mild to moderate knee OA (based on the Kellgren and Lawrence grade, I─III classification) were randomly allocated into 2 groups with 30 participants each in the KT+CCEs and CCEs groups. Participants in the KT+CCEs group received Kinesio taping plus combined chain exercises and those in the CCEs group received only combined chain exercises. Each participant was assessed for pain, range of motion, functional mobility, and quality of life at baseline and after 8 weeks of intervention. A mixed-design multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to analyze the treatment effect. Results No significant differences were observed in the baseline characteristics of participants in both groups. The result indicated that there was a significant time effect for all outcomes, with a significant interaction between time and intervention (p < 0.001). The Bonferroni posthoc analyses of time and intervention effects indicated that the KT+CCEs group improved significantly better than the CCEs group in all outcomes, pain [mean=2.01(0.64) vs 3.94(1.12), F(df)=5.466(1,58), p=0.011]; flexion range of motion [mean=121.15(2.07) vs 104.28(3.24), F(df)=26.722(1,58), p < 0.001]; functional mobility [mean=19.47(1.95) vs 31.01(2.39), F(df)=29.436(1,58), p < 0.001]; and quality of life [mean=68.76(3.19) vs 45.62(2.87), F(df)=71.984(1,58), p < 0.001], after 8 weeks of intervention. Conclusion The findings of this study concluded that KT+CCEs and CCEs were both effective but KT plus CCEs was more effective in the management of individuals with knee OA. Trial Registration Pan African Clinical trial Registry─ PACTR201810603949411.