Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
School of Engineering / Centre for Sustainable Energy and Resources
Edith Cowan University - Open Access Support Scheme 2021
Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan / Edith Cowan University
Zeta-potential in the presence of brine has been studied for its application within hydrocarbon reservoirs. These studies have shown that sandstone’s zeta-potential remains negatively charged, non-zero, and levels-off at salinities > 0.4 mol.dm−3, thus becoming independent of salinity when ionic strength is increased further. However, research conducted to date has not yet considered clay-rich (i.e. clay ≥ 5 wt%) sandstones.
Firstly, streaming potential measurements were conducted on Bandera Gray sandstones (clay-rich and clay-poor) with 0.6 and 2 mol.dm−3 NaCl brine-saturated in pressurised environments (6.895 MPa overburden and 3.447 MPa back-pressure). Secondly, the streaming potential was determined at identical conditions for the effect of two surfactants, SDBS and CTAB, at concentrations of 0.01 and 0.1 wt% on the clay-poor sample in 0.6 mol.dm−3 NaCl. Thirdly, a comparison of zeta potentials determined via electrophoretic and streaming potential was conducted. Accordingly, this work analyses the effects of mineralogy and surfactants within this process.
Clay-rich sandstone possessed lower zeta-potentials than clay-poor sandstone at the two tested salinities. SDBS reduced zeta-potential and yielded higher repulsive forces rendering the rock more hydrophilic. Additionally, electrophoretic zeta-potentials were higher when compared to streaming zeta-potentials. Mechanisms for the observed phenomena are also provided.
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