Strategies for engaging “multiple disciplinary” teams in sport- and exercise-related research
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research
The late Hawaiian comedian Rap Replinger once stated that Hawai’i was not a “melting pot,” in which individuals from different cultures assimilated into a cohesive whole; rather, Hawai’i was a “salad bowl,” in which such individuals retained their unique backgrounds, but still created a shared identity by living together. Likewise, research has encountered similar discussions regarding how to integrate multiple fields of expertise into one project.1 Perhaps, interdisciplinary research is the “melting pot” that focuses on integrating and synthesizing different fields’ knowledge and methodologies; multidisciplinary research is the “salad bowl” that involves individuals from different fields collaborating, with each providing their own discipline-specific knowledge to the study. Further variations of the terms and composition of teams exist (e.g. transdisciplinary, with definitions for each of these variations well-defined by Wagner et al.1). But each term has the commonality of integrating knowledge to solve a complex research or societal problem. For the purposes of this paper, we are utilizing the umbrella term, “multiple disciplinary”2 to denote all these various approaches concisely.