Title

Periodization and block periodization in sports: Emphasis on strength-power training-a provocative and challenging narrative

Author Identifier

Guy Gregory Haff

ORCID : 0000-0002-0676-7750

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

Volume

35

Issue

8

First Page

2351

Last Page

2371

PubMed ID

34132223

Publisher

National Strength and Conditioning Association / Wolters Kluwer

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences / Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research

RAS ID

36602

Comments

Stone, M. H., Hornsby, W. G., Haff, G. G., Fry, A. C., Suarez, D. G., Liu, J., . . . Pierce, K. C. (2021). Periodization and block periodization in sports: Emphasis on strength-power training-a provocative and challenging narrative. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 35(8), 2351-2371. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004050

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Stone, MH, Hornsby, WG, Haff, GG, Fry, AC, Suarez, DG, Liu, J, Gonzalez-Rave, JM, and Pierce, KC. Periodization and block periodization in sports: emphasis on strength-power training-a provocative and challenging narrative. J Strength Cond Res 35(8): 2351-2371, 2021-Periodization can be defined as a logical sequential, phasic method of manipulating fitness and recovery phases to increase the potential for achieving specific performance goals while minimizing the potential for nonfunctional over-reaching, overtraining, and injury. Periodization deals with the micromanagement of timelines and fitness phases and is cyclic in nature. On the other hand, programming deals with the micromanagement of the training process and deals with exercise selection, volume, intensity, etc. Evidence indicates that a periodized training process coupled with appropriate programming can produce superior athletic enhancement compared with nonperiodized process. There are 2 models of periodization, traditional and block. Traditional can take different forms (i.e., reverse). Block periodization has 2 subtypes, single goal or factor (individual sports) and multiple goals or factors (team sports). Both models have strengths and weaknesses but can be "tailored" through creative programming to produce excellent results for specific sports.

DOI

10.1519/JSC.0000000000004050

Access Rights

free_to_read

Research Themes

Society and Culture

Priority Areas

Human movement and performance

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