ORCID : 0000-0002-1430-1360
Frontiers in Immunology
Frontiers Media S.A.
School of Medical and Health Sciences
Edith Cowan University - Open Access Support Scheme 2021
National Health and Medical Research Council
National Natural Science Foundation of China
China-Australia International Collaborative Grant
European Commission Horizon 2020 Framework Program
NHMRC Number : APP1112767
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains a major health challenge globally. Previous studies have suggested that changes in the glycosylation of IgG are closely associated with the severity of COVID-19. This study aimed to compare the profiles of IgG N-glycome between COVID-19 patients and healthy controls. A case-control study was conducted, in which 104 COVID-19 patients and 104 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were recruited. Serum IgG N-glycome composition was analyzed by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography with the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (HILIC-UPLC) approach. COVID-19 patients have a decreased level of IgG fucosylation, which upregulates antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) in acute immune responses. In severe cases, a low level of IgG sialylation contributes to the ADCC-regulated enhancement of inflammatory cytokines. The decreases in sialylation and galactosylation play a role in COVID-19 pathogenesis via the activation of the lectin-initiated alternative complement pathway. IgG N-glycosylation underlines the complex clinical phenotypes of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
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Multidisciplinary biological approaches to personalised disease diagnosis, prognosis and management