Author Identifier

Analise Nicholl

ORCID : 0000-0003-4970-8096

Kate Evelegh

ORCID : 0000-0003-3455-6886

Philippa Lyons-Wall

ORCID : 0000-0002-0001-1055

Therese O'Sullivan

ORCID : 0000-0003-1003-854X

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Publisher

Oxford University Press

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences / Institute for Nutrition Research / Exercise Medicine Research Institute

RAS ID

37055

Funders

Edith Cowan University - Open Access Support Scheme 2021

Comments

Nicholl, A., Deering, K. E., Evelegh, K., Lyons-Wall, P., Lawrence, D., Mori, T. A., . . . O'Sullivan, T. A. (2021). Whole-fat dairy products do not adversely affect adiposity or cardiometabolic risk factors in children in the Milky Way study: A double-blind randomized controlled pilot study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqab288

Abstract

Background

Limited evidence supports the common public health guideline that children > 2 y of age should consume dairy with reduced fat content.

Objectives

We aimed to investigate the effects of whole-fat compared with reduced-fat dairy intake on measures of adiposity and biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk in healthy 4- to 6-y-old children.

Methods

The Milky Way Study enrolled 49 children (mean ± SD age: 5.2 ± 0.9 y; 47% girls) who were habitual consumers of whole-fat dairy, then randomly assigned them in a double-blind fashion to remain on whole-fat dairy or switch their dairy consumption to reduced-fat products for 3 mo. Primary endpoints included measures of adiposity, body composition, blood pressure, fasting serum lipids, blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and C-reactive protein (CRP) and were assessed at baseline and study end. Pre- and postintervention results were compared using linear mixed models, adjusted for growth, age, and sex.

Results

Dairy fat intake was reduced by an adjusted (mean ± SEM) 12.9 ± 4.1 g/d in the reduced-fat compared with the whole-fat dairy group (95% CI: –21.2, –4.6 g/d; P = 0.003), whereas dietary energy intakes remained similar (P = 0.936). We found no significant differential changes between dairy groups in any measure of adiposity, body composition, blood pressure, or fasting serum lipids, glucose, HbA1c, and CRP.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that although changing from whole-fat to reduced-fat dairy products does reduce dairy fat intake, it does not result in changes to markers of adiposity or cardiometabolic disease risk in healthy children.

DOI

10.1093/ajcn/nqab288

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

Research Themes

Health

Priority Areas

Exercise, nutrition, lifestyle and other interventions for optimal health across the lifespan

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