Examining tourist gaze in a highly controlled destination: A study of Chinese tourists to North Korea
Songshan (Sam) Huang
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
School of Business and Law
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Extant literature has rarely examined the temporal characteristics of tourist gaze in the context of a highly controlled destination. Guided by the gaze theory and studying Chinese tourists' gaze upon North Korea, this study aims to reveal the process of how tourists' gaze upon a highly controlled destination is organized and developed. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and interview data was coded and analyzed. It is found that Chinese tourists' gaze represents a temporal process composed of three stages, each of which has the same structure of ‘gaze object-gaze strategy-gaze consequence.’ In a highly controlled destination, tourists respond with ‘obedience’ or ‘empowerment’ as their gaze strategies. The findings of this study contribute meaningfully to the gaze literature by presenting the temporal process and features of tourist gaze in a highly controlled destination.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Available for download on Sunday, December 31, 2023
This is an author's accepted manuscript of: Chen, G., Shi, H., Li, Z., & Huang, S. S. (2021). Examining tourist gaze in a highly controlled destination: A study of Chinese tourists to North Korea. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 49, 287-295.