Effectiveness and implementation of models of cancer survivorship care: An overview of systematic reviews
Raymond J. Chan
Nicolas H. Hart, Edith Cowan UniversityFollow
Journal of Cancer Survivorship
School of Medical and Health Sciences
National Health and Medical Research Council
Primary Care Collaborative Cancer Clinical Trials Group
NHMRC Number : APP1194051, APP1195302
To critically assess the effectiveness and implementation of different models of post-treatment cancer survivorship care compared to specialist-led models of survivorship care assessed in published systematic reviews.
MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from January 2005 to May 2021. Systematic reviews that compared at least two models of cancer survivorship care were included. Article selection, data extraction, and critical appraisal were conducted independently by two authors. The models were evaluated according to cancer survivorship care domains, patient and caregiver experience, communication and decision-making, care coordination, quality of life, healthcare utilization, costs, and mortality. Barriers and facilitators to implementation were also synthesized.
Twelve systematic reviews were included, capturing 53 primary studies. Effectiveness for managing survivors’ physical and psychosocial outcomes was found to be no different across models. Nurse-led and primary care provider-led models may produce cost savings to cancer survivors and healthcare systems. Barriers to the implementation of different models of care included limited resources, communication, and care coordination, while facilitators included survivor engagement, planning, and flexible services.
Despite evidence regarding the equivalent effectiveness of nurse-led, primary care-led, or shared care models, these models are not widely adopted, and evidence-based recommendations to guide implementation are required. Further research is needed to address effectiveness in understudied domains of care and outcomes and across different population groups.
Implications for Cancer Survivors:
Rather than aiming for an optimal “one-size fits all” model of survivorship care, applying the most appropriate model in distinct contexts can improve outcomes and healthcare efficiency.
Chan, R. J., Crawford-Williams, F., Crichton, M., Joseph, R., Hart, N. H., Milley, K., . . .& Nekhlyudov, L. (2023). Effectiveness and implementation of models of cancer survivorship care: An overview of systematic reviews. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 17, 197-221.