Finite element modelling of concrete-filled spiral-welded stainless-steel tube columns under concentric and eccentric axial loading
School of Engineering
This study investigated the capacity of finite element modelling (FEM) approaches to predict the experimentally obtained behaviour of concrete-filled spiral-welded stainless-steel tube (CF-SWSST) short and long columns. Using the ABAQUS software, FEM was carried out of 24 CF-SWSST column tests. Nominal outside diameter to thickness ratios, effective length to diameter ratios and load eccentricity to diameter ratios equal to 51–114.5, 4.5–12.0, and 0–0.4 had been considered for the tests that were modelled. The distinct spiral weld seam geometry of the SWSST was explicitly considered in the FEM. Widely reported and accepted FEM modelling approaches and material models were adopted for this work. The concrete damaged plasticity model was utilised for the concrete core, while the stress–strain behaviour of stainless-steel was modelled using a modified Ramberg-Osgood relationship. On average, the capacities predicted by the FEM for the CF-SWSST columns were found to be non-conservative. The non-conservativeness was higher for specimens under concentric axial loading and increased with column and section slenderness. The actual to predicted capacity ratios were much closer to 1.0 for eccentrically loaded CF-SWSST columns, with conservative capacities predicted for eccentrically loaded specimens with the smallest section slenderness. For load eccentricity to diameter ratios of 0.15 and 0.4, there was negligible difference in the prediction conservativeness. Compared to analogous concrete-filled spiral-welded mild-steel tube columns, the FEM predictions obtained for the CF-SWSST columns were notably less conservative. This suggested that separate material constitutive models may be warranted for the FEM of CF-SWSSTs compared to their mild-steel counterparts. For the modelled eccentrically loaded specimens, the FEM predicted globally flexurally deformed states which agreed with those obtained experimentally, though the local buckling patterns were not replicated. In addition, the FEM qualitatively captured the experimentally obtained bending stiffness and strain variations. A modelling sensitivity study found that the FEM results were effectively equivalent even when the SWSSTs were modelled as plain seamless tubes.